Hi Friends of Oompf, it’s Alvan here. Today we will be talking about aerobic and anaerobic training and why it is important?
Anaerobic VS Aerobic training
Aerobic exercise is what you know as “cardio”. It can include jogging, cycling or any activity that you can sustain over a long period of time. Some benefits of aerobic exercise includes:
1. Increase your endurance
2. Improves cardiac health
3. Improves blood regulation
4. Helps decrease the risk of developing coronary artery disease, cancer and diabetes
Anaerobic exercises involve quick bursts of energy and are performed at maximum effort for a short time. This includes jumping, sprinting, heavy weight lifting and High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT). While performing anaerobic exercise, your body requires immediate energy and relies on stored energy sources, rather than oxygen, to fuel itself. That includes breaking down glucose which is why anaerobic exercise is more effective in burning calories. Benefits include:
1. Helps boost metabolism
2. Allows for maintenance or building of lean muscle
3. Strengthens bones
4. Burn high amount of calories in a shorter time compared to aerobic exercise
Why is cardio important?
Besides speeding up weight loss and increasing one’s metabolism, cardiovascular training is important in improving heart health and helping the body function optimally.
It helps to strengthen the heart and lungs, allowing oxygen to be pumped more efficiently throughout the body and it also lowers blood pressure, while keeping your arteries clear by raising “good” high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and lowering “bad” low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels in the blood.
Which one should you do?
Well, this answer depends highly on your goals and fitness levels.
Your fitness goals should help determine whether you should participate in aerobic or anaerobic exercise. If you would like to maintain good cardiac health, aerobic activity such as jogging or swimming is recommended. However if you have more specific goals and are looking to lose weight or tone up, you may want to try more anaerobic activity. Sprints or high intensity interval training (HIIT) may help you meet your goals.
Your fitness level is also an important factor in choosing which type of training to do. For example, HIIT should only be done if you have a good aerobic base and if your body isn’t limited by injuries. HIIT is fast paced and if done incorrectly may potentially lead to injuries hence if you aren’t fit enough to perform aerobic activities, it is not recommended to do anaerobic activities.
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